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Designing a Bathroom Using the 2010 ADA Standards
The following guidelines should be used to design a bathroom that meets the 2010 ADA Standards.
- Doors should be a minimum of 32 inches wide and should swing out not in. Pocket doors are a great alternative. Door hardware should be no higher than 48 inches off the floor and have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand and does not require tight grasping or pinching or twisting of the wrist to operate. Lever, push type, and U-shaped handles are acceptable.
- The door threshold should be no more than 1/2 inch off the floor and should slope on each side.
- Clear floor space required is a circle 60 inches in diameter. This does not apply to water closets in stalls
- The toilet seat should be wall mounted with a height of 17 to 19 inches. This is measured from the floor to the top of the toilet seat.
- The diameter of the gripping surface of a Grab bar should be 1-1/4 to 1-1/2 inches. The space between a wall and the grab bar should be 1-1/2 inches. Ensure that the strengths and stresses meet ADA Standards (4.26.3)
- Flush controls can be manual or automatic and should be mounted on the wide side of the toilet. They should be no more than 44 inches off the floor.
- The toilet paper dispenser should be within reach. Controlled delivery dispensers or ones that prevent continuous paper flow should not be used.
- The space up under and beside the water closet shall provide a toe clearance of at least 9 inches above the floor.
- The toilet stall should have a depth of 56 inches minimum and should have a wall mounted water closet.
- Urinals should be in stalls or wall hung with an elongated rim and a maximum of 17 inches off the floor. A clear floor space of 30 by 48 injuries shall be provided in front of urinals.
- Counter surfaces in the bathroom should be no higher than 34 inches above the floor. A clearance of at least 29 inches above the floor should be provided in front of the sink. 30 by 48 inches clear floor space should be in front of the sink.
- Hotwater and drain pipes under lavatories shall beinsulated or otherwise configured to protect against contact. There shall be no sharp or abrasive surfaces under lavatories.
- Faucets should be lever, push-type, or electronic. If self-closing they should stay open for 10 seconds.
- Mirrors should be placed with the bottom edge no higher than 40 inches off the floor.
- Clear floor space in front of a b athtub should be a minimum 30 by 60 inches.
- The bathtub should have aseat in or directly behind the bathtub, grab bars, useable faucets, a detachable shower spray unit. Bathtub emnclosures should not obstruct controls or transfers and should not have tracks mounted on rims.
- Shower stalls shall be 36 by 36 inches, have a seat that is mounted 17 to 19 inches off the floor, controls should be adjacent to the seat, and should span the depth of the shower. It should have grab bars.
- If there is a curb in a 36 by 36 inch shower it should be no higher than 1/2 inch. shower's that are 30 by 60 inches or bigger should have no curb.
New Graduate School for Global Inclusion and Social Development of Persons with Disabilities - UMass